By clicking “Accept”, you agree to the storing of cookies on your device to enhance site navigation, analyse site usage, and assist in our marketing efforts. View our Privacy Policy for more information.
Part of
Mental performance
More information
Effects of coffee consumption
  1. EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) (2011): Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to caffeine and increased fat oxidation leading to a reduction in body fat mass (ID 735, 1484), increased energy expenditure leading to a reduction in body weight (ID 1487), increased alertness (ID 736, 1101, 1187, 1485, 1491, 2063, 2103) and increased attention (ID 736, 1485, 1491, 2375) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/20061.EFSA Journal, 9(4):2054.
  2. Irwin C.I. et al. (2020) Effects of acute caffeine consumption following sleep loss on cognitive, physical, occupational and driving performance: A systematic review and meta-analysis.  Biosci & Behav Res, 108:877-888
  3. Clark I. and Landolt H.P. (2016): Coffee, Caffeine, and Sleep. Sleep Med Rev, 31:70-78.
  4. O’Callaghan F. et al. (2018) Effects of caffeine on sleep quality and daytime functioning.  Risk Manag Healthc Policy, 11:263-271.
  5. Fiani B. et al. (2021) The neurophysiology of caffeine as a central nervous system stimulant and the resultant effects on cognitive function. Cureus, 13(5):e15032.
  6. Nehlig A. (2016): Effects of coffee/caffeine on brain health and disease: What should I tell my patients? Pract Neurol, 16(2):89-95.
  7. Sharwood L.N. et al. (2013): Use of caffeinated substances and risk of crashes in long distance drivers of commercial vehicles: case control study. BMJ, 346:1140.
  8. Zhang R.-C., Madan C.R.(2021) How does caffeine influence memory?  Drug, experimental and demographic factors. Neurosic Biobehav Res, 131:525-538.
  9. Ker K. et al. (2010): Caffeine for the prevention of injuries and errors in shift workers. Cochrane Database SystRev, (5):CD008508.
  10. Schweitzer P.K. et al. (2006): Laboratory and field studies of naps and caffeine as practical countermeasures for sleep-wake problems associated with night work. Sleep, 29(1):39-50.
  11. Arendt J. (2009): Managing jet lag: Some of the problems and possible new solutions. Sleep Med Rev, 13:249-56
  12. Erblang M. et al. (2019) The impact of genetic variations in ADORA2A in the association between caffeine consumption and sleep. Genes, 10(12):1021.
  13. Porkka-Heiskanen T. (2011): Methylxanthines and sleep. Handb Exp Pharmacol, (200):331-48.
  14. Ogeil R.P. and Phillips J.G. (2015): Commonly used stimulants: Sleep problems, dependence and psychological distress. Drug & Alc Dep, 153:145-51.
  15. Sin C.W.M. et al. (2008): Systematic review on the effectiveness of caffeine abstinence on the quality of sleep.J Clin Nursing, 18:13-21
  16. Torabynasab K. et al. (2023) Association between dietary caffeine, coffee, and tea consumption and depressive symptoms in adults: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies. Front Nutr,10: 1051444.
  17. Navarro A.M. et al. (2018) Coffee consumption and the risk of depression in a middle aged cohort: The Sun project. Nutrients, 10(9):1333.
  18. Grosso G. et al. (2016): Coffee, tea, caffeine and risk of depression: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies. Mol Nutr Food Res,60(1):223-3.
  19. Bhumiratana N. et al. (2014): The development of an emotion lexicon for the coffee drinking experience. Fd Res Int, 61:83-92.
  20. Giles G.E. et al. (2016): Caffeine accentuates emotional responses, not emotion regulation choice. FASEB Journal, 30(1) Supplement 898.
  21. Giles G.E. (2016): Caffeine and theanine exert opposite effects on attention under emotional arousal. Can J Physiol and Pharmacol, 95(1):93-100.
  22. Nehlig A. (2004): Are we dependent on coffee and caffeine: an update. In Nehlig A, ed. Coffee, Tea, Chocolate and the Brain. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press;133-146.
  23. Addicott M.A. (2014): Caffeine use disorder: a review of the evidence and future implications. Curr Addict Rep, 1(3):186-192.
  24. Satel S. (2006): Is caffeine addictive? A review of the literature. Am J Drug Alc Abuse, 32:493-502.
  25. Nehlig A. (2010): Is Caffeine a Cognitive Enhancer? J Alzheimers Dis, 20(S1):85-94.
  26. American Psychiatric Association (2013): Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM V) ISBN 978-0-89042-554-1DSMV.

Latest research

All research

Information campaigns

All information campaigns