By clicking “Accept”, you agree to the storing of cookies on your device to enhance site navigation, analyse site usage, and assist in our marketing efforts. View our Privacy Policy for more information.
Life expectancy


Part of
Life expectancy
More information
Effects of coffee consumption
  1. Gunter M.J. et al. (2017): Coffee Drinking and Mortality in 10 European Countries, Ann Int Med, 167(4):236-247.
  2. Lopez-Garcia E. et al. (2008): The relationship of coffee consumption with mortality. Ann Intern Med, 148(12):904-14.
  3. Zhang W.L. et al. (2009): Coffee consumption and risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality among women with type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia, 52(5):810-7.
  4. O’Keefe J.H. et al. (2013): Effects of habitual coffee consumption on cardiometabolic disease, cardiovascular health, and all-cause mortality. J Am Coll Cardiol, 62(12):1043-1051.
  5. Cano-Marquina A. et al. (2013): The impact of coffee on health. Maturitas, 75(1):7-21.
  6. Lopez-Garcia E. et al. (2014): Coffee consumption and health related quality of life. Clin Nutr, 33(1):143-9.
  7. Je Y., Giovannucci E. (2014): Coffee consumption and total mortality: a meta-analysis of twenty prospective cohort studies. Br J Nutr, 111(7):1162-73.
  8. Loftfield E. et al. (2015): Association of coffee consumption with overall and cause specific mortality in a large US prospective cohort study. Am J Epidemiol, 182(12):1010-22.
  9. Poole R. et al. (2017): Coffee consumption and health: umbrella review of meta-analyses of multiple health outcomes. BMJ, 359:j5024.
  10. Nordestgaard A.T. and Nordestgaard B.G. (2016): Coffee intake, cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: observational and Medelian randomization analyses in 95000-223000 individuals. Int J Epidemiol, 45(6):1938-1952.
  11. Tsujimoto T. et al. (2017): Association between caffeine intake and all-cause and cause-specific mortality: a population-based prospective cohort study. Mayo Clin Proc, 92(8):1190-1202.
  12. Park S.-Y. et al. (2017): Association of coffee consumption with total and cause specific mortality among non-white populations. Ann Int Med, 15;167(4):228-235.
  13. Van den Brandt P.A. (2018): Coffee or Tea? A prospective cohort study on the associations of coffee and tea intake with overall and cause-specific mortality in men versus women. Eur J Epidemiol, 33:183–200.
  14. Bhatti S.K. et al. (2013): Coffee and tea: perks for health and longevity? Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care, 16(6):688-97.
  15. Sado J. et al. (2017): Association between coffee consumption and all-sites cancer incidence and mortality. Cancer Sci, 108(10):2079-2087.
  16. Loomis D. et al. (2016): Carcinogenicity of drinking coffee, mate, and very hot beverages. The Lancet Oncology, 17(7):877-878.
  17. EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) (2015): Scientific Opinion on the safety of caffeine.EFSA Journal, 13(5):4102.
  18. Chiang C.L. The life table and its Construction. In: Chiang C.L., editor. Introduction to stochastic processes in biostatistics. New York: Wiley; 1968. pp.189-214.
  19. Chiang C.L. The Life Table and its Applications. New York: The Krieger Publishing Company; 1984.
  20. Mostofsky E. et al. (2012): Habitual coffee consumption and risk of heart failure: a dose-response meta-analysis. Circ Heart Fail, 5(4):401–405.
  21. Malerba S. et al. (2013): A meta-analysis of prospective studies of coffee consumption and mortality for all causes, cancers and cardiovascular diseases. Eur J Epidemiol, 28(7):527-39.
  22. Liu J. et al. (2013): Association of Coffee Consumption with All-Cause and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality. Mayo Clinic Proc, 88:10.
  23. Rebello S.A. and van Dam R.M. (2013): Coffee Consumption and Cardiovascular Health: Getting to the Heart of the Matter. Curr CardiolReps, 15:403.
  24. Ding M. et al (2014): Long-term coffee consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Circ, 129(6):643-59.
  25. Crippa A. et al. (2014): Coffee consumption and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer: a dose-response meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol, 180(8):763-75.
  26. Wu J. et al. (2009): Coffee consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of 21 prospective cohort studies. Int J Cardiol, 137:216-225.
  27. Sugiyama K. et al. (2010): Coffee consumption and mortality due to all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer in Japanese women. .J Nur, 140(5):1007-1013.
  28. de Koning Gans J.M. et al. (2010): Tea and coffee consumption and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 30:1665-1671.
  29. Ahmed H.N. et al. (2009): Coffee consumption and risk of heart failure in men: an analysis from the cohort of Swedish men. Am Heart J, 158:667-672.
  30. Nilson L.M. et al. (2009): Consumption of filtered and boiled coffee and the risk of first acute myocardial infarction: a nested case/referent study. Nutr Metabol & Cardiovasc Dis, 20(7):527-535.
  31. Larrson S.C. and Orsini N. (2011): Coffee consumption and risk of stroke: A dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Am J Epidemiol, 174(9):993-100.
  32. Kim B. et al. (2012): Coffee consumption and stroke risk: A meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies. Korean J Fam Med, 33(6):356-65.
  33. Lopez-Garcia E. et al. (2009): Coffee consumption and risk of stroke in women. Circ, 119:1116-1123.
  34. Leurs L.J. et al. (2010): Total fluid and specific beverage intake and mortality due to ID and stroke in the Netherlands cohort study. Br J Nutr, 104:1212-1221.
  35. Lutsey P.L. et al. (2009): Dietary intake and the development of the metabolic syndrome. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Am Heart J, 157:1081-1087.
  36. Liebeskind D.S. et al. (2015): The coffee paradox in stroke: increased consumption linked to fewer strokes. Nutr Neurosci, 22:1476– 8305.
  37. Kokubo Y. et al. (2013): The Impact of Green Tea and Coffee Consumption on the Reduced Risk of Stroke Incidence in Japanese Population: The Japan Public Health Center-Based Study Cohort. Stroke, 44(5):1369-74.
  38. Lee H.S. and O’Mahony M. (2002): At What Temperatures Do Consumers Like to Drink Coffee?: Mixing Methods. J Fd Sci, 67(&):2774-2777
  39. Brown F. and Diller K.R. (2008): Calculating the optimum temperature for serving hot beverages. Burns, 34(5):648-54.

Latest research

All research

Information campaigns

All information campaigns